In the field of art, the term ‘design’ is interpreted in a number of ways. One of these definitions refers to a particular organization of elements for a special object of art. Another definition of design refers to the act of designing, selecting and arranging of these elements for a particular purpose. Thus, we might speak of the design of a salad bowl at micro level or the design of a city at macro level.
Each attempt while making a design is a definite act which should represent creative thinking. When we create a design, we make use of elements like lines, shapes, forms, textures and colors, either as an object in space or as a drawing on a piece of paper. These are, therefore referred to as elements of design. These are the tools and materials with which every one makes a design. In the last century, the attitude towards design has gradually changed.
Formerly it was more frequently thought of in relation to an applied decoration or patter, such as a wall paper or a printed fabric. Today we refer more to the art of designing which encompasses every aspect of selection and arrangement. These may include the problem of selecting lines and colors for painting a picture or design on a drawing board or paper of for furnishings of a room. Thus creating a design is a problem for everyone and not just for students alone with their so called artistic ability.
Consequently, each one of us needs a through background to appreciate, to select and to arrange the elements to create designs. While evaluating and arranging the elements, one has to keep in mind the various factors of organization or principles of designs such as balance, proportion, emphasis, harmony and rhythm.